The story of Krishna, and the many-hooded serpent demon Kaliya

The following is a short extract from the great stories of our Lord Krishna (कृष्ण) which caught my eyes for a very long time while reading an online book. Perhaps , Thats the “mahima” of our Lord Krishna !! I am sharing today the story of Krishna, and the many-hooded serpent demon Kaliya, which is very well known. I tried to make the scene using some bright colors. I began with the pencil Sketch. That’s the first pic I took.

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Kaliya (कालिय) was the name of a poisonous Naga living in the Yamuna River, in Vrindavan. The water of the Yamuna for four leagues all around him boiled and bubbled with poison. This created a great problem for the residents of Vrindavan and their cows. No bird or beast could go near, and only one solitary Kadamba tree grew on the river bank. The proper home of Kāliya was Ramanaka Dwipa, but he had been driven away from there by fear of Garuda, Garuda had been cursed by a yogi dwelling at Vrindavan so that he could not come to Vrindavan without meeting his death. Therefore Kāliya chose Vrindavan as his residence, knowing it was the only place where Garuda could not come.

Krishna means ‘All attractive’. A person is attractive if He possesses unlimited beauty, knowledge, strength, fame, riches or renunciation. Krishna is often depicted in murtis as black, and is generally shown in paintings with blue skin. The lotus-eyed, dark skinned Krishna is the complete and perfect understanding of God. He was tackling a poisonous serpent with a hundred and ten hoods and yet so calm and poise. I took special care in drawing Krishna’s body, eyes and posture. That’s my depiction progress so far :

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Once Krishna and herdboys were playing ball, and while playing Krishna climbed up the Kadamba tree and hung over the river bank, the ball fell into the river and Krishna jumped after it. This enraged the hideous monster Kaliya & he rose up with his hundred and ten hoods vomiting poison and coiled around Krishna’s body. But then Krishna soon was reminded of His divine powers and exercising His powers He uncoiled Himself from the serpent and forthwith climbed up the hoods of Kaliya and assumed the weight of the whole universe. The pressure of Krishna’s feet crushed the towering pride of the myriad-hooded monster. When the heels of Krishna strike the hoods, some break off and then got replaced by new ones. All this while Krishna keeps playing his sweet flute. Kaliya lowered his hoods and vomited blood. But the Dance of Krishna did not cease. Snake Kaliya with its numerous hoods symbolizes the numerous desires we have. When one desire gets fulfilled, another arises, like the new hoods of Kaliya. The hoods keep breaking and forming, but Krishna is unperturbed. He keeps playing His flute, denoting the power of discrimination, of wisdom, of the focus on the bliss of Self. Kaliya was found tottering towards death when his wives came out of the river and with palms joined in prayer begged Krishna to spare the life of their husband.

I usually read the complete story before attempting to make it. However, I have heard of this tale quite a few times as it is a famous one. I had in my mind a complete picture of what I was going to draw. It took me 3 Hrs to complete the sketch. I was ready with the Black and White look of my sketch. It was gorgeous !!! k6

The prayers of the wives of Kaliya who had faith in Krishna moved the Son of Nanda to have mercy on Kaliya. Krishna now desisted from His terrific Dance on condition that Kaliya was to quit the river at once and to betake himself to his original home in the island of Ramanaka. Krishna assured Kaliya that after seeing the marks where He had touched Kaliya’s head with His lotus feet, Garuda will not disturb Kaliya, as Garuda would respect the print of Krishna’s Feet on hoods of Kaliya. The water of the River was now rendered immune from all poison and became as sweet as it was before the advent of Kaliya. Kāliya, recognizing the greatness of Krishna, surrendered and promised he would not come to Vrindavan again and would not harass anybody. So Krishna pardoned him and then let him go free to leave the river and go to Ramanaka Dwipa.

Finally, I tried some digital combinations and then used acrylics to color but I guess I am bad at coloring , so sharing the digital one 😉

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The Making of Kali Maa

Today, I am going to share the the making of my Kali Maa.

Kali Ma, called the “Dark Mother,” is the Hindu goddess of creation, preservation, and destruction. The pictorial representation of Mother Kali , at first glance, is strange and bizarre to the eyes and minds of westerners. She is the most misunderstood Goddess. I will perhaps share her story in my next Kali Maa post may be in Madhubani style. So, I started my sketch by deciding the layout and the form of art to make this. I choose the line art initially with a mix of Kalamkari. I have recently tried my hands on kalamkari and I am liking what I have drawn. Kalamkari literally means, Kalam – pen and kari – work, i.e., art work done using a pen. Vegetable dyes are used to color the designs applied on cloth. The art is popular in several parts of South India. I am of course not doing it the traditional way.

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When I say Kalamkari, I mean their style of making figures, their style has such round and fuller bodies with beautiful eyed faces. I am also fascinated with the single toned shades of colors they use. I read about it and found that the color pattern used in kalamkari is unique and follows different themes. This is one of the main features of kalamkari art. Women figures are always depicted using yellow colour, Gods in blue, and demons in red and green. The backgrounds are generally red with motifs of lotus. However, Kali Ma has a black complexion. Maa’s black complexion means that she is inscrutable and cannot be known by wordly people full of ignorance. Darkness stands for ignorance. I choose a blue black color for her complexion and then picked a very dark grey for the background. By the way, I am using Sharpie to do the outlines and using an acid free Carson for watercolor sheet with acrylic colors.

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I took some pictures of the outlined drawing also. It in itself is a complete line art of Kali Maa. So far I was very happy with the way it was coming up. I started adding the colors. Usually the God figures made in Kalamkari are very loving and poise. Kali Maa is represented with perhaps the fiercest features amongst all the world’s deities. Kali Maa’s fierce form is strewed with some awesome symbols. Her three eyes represent the sun, moon, and fire, with which she is able to observe the three modes of time: past, present and future. This attribute is also the origin of the name Kali, which is the feminine form of ‘Kala’, the Sanskrit term for Time. Her white teeth show her inner purity, and her red lolling tongue indicates her omnivorous nature.

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Maa Kali wears a garland of skulls and skirt of dismembered arms because the ego arises out of identification with the body. In truth we are beings of spirit and not flesh. It symbolizes that she is completely beyond name and form, completely beyond the illusory effects of maya (false consciousness). Her nudity is said to represent totally illumined consciousness, unaffected by maya. Her sword is the destroyer of false consciousness and the eight bonds that bind us. I knew a few of the symbolization of Kali Maa and read about the rest before starting to make her. I finally chose a shade of yellow/mustard and green for the background and see how beautiful it turned out to be !!!

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I just didnt like how the skulls came out to be. Is it looking out of character ??

The Story of Goddess Durga

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I am so fascinated with Making Durga Ma, I have shared several posts showing the creation of Durga Maa..I thought of sharing the story of HER.

Goddess Durga according to popular Hindu conception is the divine daughter of Himalaya, and his wife, Menaka, a Manasputri of Brahma, the Creator. It is said in the Markandeya Purana that though she pervades the Universe, and is co-extensive with creation, yet she manifests and incarnates herself on special occasions with a view to help the Devas in the performance of their divine work. Though thus manifested and incarnated, she is neither limited nor conditioned but is Nitya or Eternal.

 

 

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The goddess is also known as the wife of Lord Shiva and the mother of Laxmi, Saraswati, Ganesh and Kartikeya. She has ten hands out of which she holds different arms in eight of her hands and conch and lotus in the rest two. Even the Pauranic Durga or Uma has been described as the Mother of Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva, and yet she has been depicted as the consort of the last-named God of the trinity.

 

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Goddess Durga as worshipped by the Hindus, is the Primordial Energy of the Universe that creates upholds and destroys. It is through Her that a vision or glimpse of the Absolute and Infinite is possible. She is neither the Dawn, nor the Night, nor the Sun, nor any beautiful and wonderful phenomenon of Nature; but she is the very essence on which everything that is subsists. She is the Brahmamaya through which the Universe has been manifested. The Hindus try to realise this grand conception of Her in their life by symbolising Her in a figure of clay, and worshipping Her as the Primordial Energy of the Universe-the Mother of the Gods and of all Creation.

 

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In West Bengal Durga Puja is celebrated with great pomp and show. She is considered to be a form of Shakti. The legend holds that Goddess Durga visits earth once in a year and the people treat her like a daughter. In other parts of the country the goddess is worshipped but in a different form and different way. This is because the goddess is known among the Hindu in various incarnations and forms. As per as the figure of the goddess is concerned she has ten arms, three eyes and each of arms bear a weapon. Ten of her arms represent ten directions in Hinduism and it signifies that the goddess protects her devotees from all direction and all harms.
She has three eyes. (I have made only two). The left arm represents desire, the right eye represents action and the central eye represents fire. The goddess is bound on a lion. A lion on the other hand symbolises power, determination and will. Thus it can be said that as the goddess has made the lion her slave it is obvious that she has power, will and determination which is suggestive of the fact that unless an individual possess the all the three qualities one will not be able to win over the demon of ego. All the arms which she holds in her ten arms is also symbolic and each has a separate meaning associated with it.
Thus it can be concluded saying that Goddess Durga with all her accessories is a way with the help of which the devotees are inspired to imbibe within them the spirit of power and determination of mind and character.

Radha Krishna

The lotus-eyed, dark skinned Krishna is the complete and perfect man of Indian mythological traditions. That makes Krishna a major non-Aryan God in the Hindu pantheon. He was the eighth incarnation of Vishnu, the Preserver of Universe. He took the human form to redeem mankind from evil forces. Krishna was physically irresistibly appealing.

 

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Radha is recognized as the loveliest of all the cowgirls. She was the wife of Ayana and the daughter of the cowherd Vrishabhanu and his wife, Kamalavati. Radha was a childhood friend and soulmate of Krishna and the two were inseparable as playmates and later as lovers. Theirs was a love hidden from society, given Radha’s status of a married woman.

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The relationship of Radha and Krishna is the embodiment of love, passion and devotion. Radha’s passion for Krishna symbolizes the soul’s intense longing and willingness for the ultimate unification with God. Shri Krishna is the soul of Radha and Radha is definitely the soul of Shri Krishna. She is the undivided form of Shri Krishna. She will remain a mystery unless one can know her inexpressible divine elements. She is worshipper as well as his deity to be worshipped. She being a beloved of Shri Krishna is known as “Radhika”.

 

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The whole universe material and spiritual is the creation of Shri Radha – Krishna. Shri Radha is the presiding Goddess of Shri Krishna. The Paramatma – supreme Lord – is subservient to her. In her absence Shri Krishna does not exist.

The Traditional Durga Maa

Like I said in my last post I have immense love with Durga maa…. here is another one. She is different… the traditional one. It was made on commission as they wanted the powerful look that is brought by the straight line of cheeks following to Ma’s chin.

 

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Durga Maa

ABOUT THE ART
Goddess Durga is the mother of the universe and believed to be the power behind the work of creation, preservation, and destruction of the world.

The word “Durga” in Sanskrit means a fort, or a place which is difficult to overrun. Another meaning of “Durga” is “Durgatinashini,” which literally translates into “the one who eliminates sufferings.” Thus, Hindus believe that goddess Durga protects her devotees from the evils of the world and at the same time removes their miseries.

 

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Drawing Durga ma in different moods have always been my favorite. This latest work has an animated look of Durga maa….When you think of God, a word which may instantly come to your mind is ‘magic’.Goddess Durga is a form of Divine Power, the Shakti and yest she a magical beauty and grace. I love her, her beauty, the jewelry and the flowers. I worship her and ask her blessings and her motherly love for my family and everyone.

 

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My designs are under COPYRIGHTS. Please do not copy/re-produce my work.

 

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For more details please email to sketchiistudio@ gmail.com.

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